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精神科护士工作倦怠与应对方式及工作压力源的关系研究(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2011年17期
页码:
3488-3492
栏目:
健康与社会行为
出版日期:
2013-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
STUDY ON THE RELATIONS AMONG JOB BURNOUT,COPING STYLE AND JOB STRESSORS OF PSYCHIATRIC NURSES
作者:
孟勇曹健
河南省新乡医学院心理学系,新乡,453003
Author(s):
MENG YongCAO Jian.
Department of Psychology,Xinxiang Medical University,Xinxiang 453003,China
关键词:
精神科护士工作倦怠工作压力源应对方式
Keywords:
Psychiatric nursesJob burnoutJob stressorsCoping style
分类号:
R195
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
  摘要:[ 目的 ]了解精神科护士工作倦怠、工作压力源及应对方式的现状,探讨三者之间的关系。[ 方法 ]采用中式工作倦怠问卷、护士工作压力源量表以及简易应对方式量表对143名精神科临床护士进行调查。用SPSS15.0进行数据处理。[ 结果 ]工作压力源的5个方面均与工作倦怠密切相关(P﹤0.01),且是影响精神科护士情感耗竭、人格解体及成就感降低的重要变量。积极应对与工作倦怠3个维度呈非常显著负相关(P﹤0.01),消极应对与工作倦怠3个维度呈非常显著正相关(P﹤0.01)。多元回归分析显示,积极应对与消极应对是精神科护士情感耗竭、人格解体及成就感降低的重要影响因素。应对方式作为工作压力源与工作倦怠间的调节和中介变量得到了部分验证。[ 结论 ]精神科护士工作倦怠现状比较严重。精神科护士工作压力源和应对方式均是影响其工作倦怠的重要因素。应对方式在工作压力源与工作倦怠中有显著的调节和中介作用。
Abstract:
  Abstract:[Objective]To study the potential notable differences of job burnout levels among the nurses in the psychiatric and non- psychiatric departments through a comparative study. By exploring the relationship among job burnout,coping style and job stressors,to provide more theoretical foundation for promoting mental health of psychiatric nurses.[Methods]Investigated 143 psychiatric clinical nurses in the manner of Chinese Maslach burnout inventory,scale form on job stressors of nurses and simple coping style questionnaire. The database was set up in Foxpor 6.0 and the data were processed in SPSS 15.0.[Results]The five aspects of job stressors had a close relation with job burnout and also were major variables in the study of emotional exhaustion,depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Active coping style had a significant negative relation with the three dimensions of job burnout(P﹤0.01),while passive coping style was positively related to it(P﹤0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that active coping and passive coping styles were two major affecting factors of emotional exhaustion,depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Coping style suggested in this paper as moderator and intervening variables had been partly tested.[Conclusion]The present job burnout of psychiatric nurses is quite serious,job stressors and coping style of psychiatric nurses are the significant influence factors of job burnout. The coping style has the remarkable moderator and intervening function in the job burnout and job stressors.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:河南省教育厅人文社会科学研究项目(2009-QN-073) 作者简介:孟勇(1968-),男,硕士,副教授,研究方向:心理健康与咨询
更新日期/Last Update: 2011-09-21