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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

南京市2009年手足口病流行病学分析(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2012年05期
页码:
1075-1077
栏目:
流行病与统计方法
出版日期:
2013-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological analysis of hand,foot and mouth disease in Nanjing city in 2009
作者:
朱正平洪镭李晨苏晶晶李建平
南京市疾病预防控制中心-急性传染病防制科,江苏 南京 210003
Author(s):
ZHU Zheng-pingHONG LeiLI ChenSU Jing-jingLI Jian-ping.
Nanjing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210003,China
关键词:
手足口病流行病学EV71
Keywords:
HFMDEpidemiologyEV71
分类号:
R181.3 + 2
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解南京市手足口病流行病学特征,为手足口病防制工作提供科学依据。方法 利用国家疾病监测信息系统监测的2009年南京市手足口病相关资料进行描述性流行病学分析。结果 2009年全市共报告手足口病9 173例,发病率为142.47/10万。全年发病呈现两个高峰,分别在4~6月和11月。全市14个区县均有病例报告,城区、城郊和县3种地区之间发病率差异有统计学意义。男性发病率高于女性,以0~5岁儿童病例为主,年龄别发病专率差异有统计学意义。职业分布以散居儿童和幼托儿童为主。对106例病例采样检测,其中EV71型70例、CoxA 16型18例、其他肠道病毒3例。结论 南京市手足口病发病存在明显的季节、地区和年龄差异。手足口病防控应以散居儿童和幼托儿童为重点人群,开展手足口病流行病学和病原学研究,将有助于提出更好的预防控制措施。
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of hand,foot and mouth disease(HFMD)of Nanjing city and to provide the scientific basis for prevention and cure for HFMD. METHODS The data of HFMD from the disease surveillance information reporting system was analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics. RESULTS 9 173 cases of HFMD were reported in Nanjing in 2009,and the incidence rate was 142.47/100 000. Two incidence peaks of HFMD were found in April to June and November. The cases were reported in all 14 districts and counties,of which the incidence rates of the urban district,suburban district and county were statistically significant. The incidence rate in the male was higher than in the female. Most cases were the child aged 0 to 5 years. There were significant differences of the incidence rate in different age groups. Most cases were children in scattered home and preschool. Among the 106 cases in which throat swab were collected,70 cases were EV71,18 cases were CoxA16 and 3 cases were other human enterovirus. CONCLUSION The incidence of HFMD in Nanjing city has significant seasonal,regional,sex-specific and age-specific differences. The key population for the prevention and control of HFND is the children in scattered home and preschool,and the epidemiological and etiological studies would facilitate the development of improved prevention and control measures.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介: 朱正平(1980-),女,硕士,主管医师,研究方向:疾病控制
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-03-31