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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

某市930名厅局级干部健康状况调查(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2012年05期
页码:
1174-1179
栏目:
健康与社会行为
出版日期:
2013-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
A cross-sectional study on health condition of 930 senior leaders in government of a city
作者:
龚涛1冉亮2邓学洁2屈小英2刘欣2罗跃2
1.重庆医科大学公共卫生学院,重庆 400016;2.重庆医科大学第一附属医院体检中心
Author(s):
GONG Tao*RAN LiangDENG Xue-jieQU Xiao-yingLIU XinLUO Yue.
*School of Public Health,Chongqing Medical University,Chongqing 400016,China
关键词:
厅局级干部健康体检慢性非传染性疾病体质指数高血压糖尿病脂肪肝乙型病毒性肝炎
Keywords:
Senior leaderHealth measurementNoncommunicable diseasesBody mass indexHypertensionDiabetesFatty liverHepatitis B
分类号:
R195
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解厅局级干部人群健康状况,为疾病预防控制提供信息。方法 整群抽样,体格检查,腹部B型超声波、胸部X光检查,血生化检查,酶法测乙肝血清标志物,χ2-检验,u-检验。结果 男、女HBsAg阳性率分别为6.99%和2.36%。男性超重、肥胖、高血压、糖尿病、脂肪肝、高TC血症和高TG血症患病率分别为48.71%、10.15%、38.82%、11.51%、39.49%、20.45%和44.82%,女性分别为42.28%、3.25%、26.67%、3.33%、27.50%、31.25%和39.06%。男性肝囊肿、肾结石、肾囊肿、高尿酸血症、高粘血症、冠状动脉硬化性心脏病和风湿性心脏病的患病率分别为22.89%、3.75%、14.73%、14.73%、20.08%、7.76%和0.40%,女性分别为18.33%、0.83%、9.17%、2.50%、0.00%、4.17%和0.00%。前列腺增生患病率为41.23%。结论 主要健康问题是超重、肥胖、高血压、糖尿病、脂肪肝、血脂异常、高尿酸血症和高粘血症患病率高,且低年龄组男性脂肪肝、血脂异常、高尿酸血症和高粘血症患病率更高。建议及时在该人群中开展健康教育,倡导良好行为生活方式,减少对慢性非传染性疾病危险因素的暴露,并积极治疗现患各类疾病。
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE To study the health condition of senior leaders in government in order to develop the preventive strategies. METHODS Carried out cluster sampling survey,physical examination,type-B ultrasonic test,X-ray examination,enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA),enzymatic determination of cholesterol oxides,chi-square test,two-sample u-test. RESULTS The positive percentage of HBsAg was 6.99% in males,2.36% in females. The prevalence rates of overweight,obesity,hypertension,diabetes,fatty liver,HTC,HTG were respectively 48.71%,10.15%,38.82%,11.51%,39.49%,20.45% and 44.82% in males,42.28%,3.25%,26.67%,3.33%,27.50%,31.25% and 39.60% in females. The prevalence rates of liver cysts,kidney stones,renal cysts,hyperuricemia,hyperviscosity,coronary heart disease and rheumatic heart disease were respectively 22.89%,3.75%,14.73%,14.73%,20.08%,7.76% and 0.40% in males,18.33%,0.83%,9.17%,2.50%,0.00%,4.17% and 0.00% in females. The prevalence rate of hyperplasia of prostate gland was 41.23%。CONCLUSION The epidemic of noncommunicable diseases in senior leaders is more serious than general population. Developing health education,advocating health-promoted behaviors,reducing exposure to the risk factors of noncommunicable diseases and treating diseases are suggested to promote health and prevent from chronic diseases.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介: 龚涛(1964-),女,硕士,副教授,研究方向:营养与食品卫生
更新日期/Last Update: 2012-03-31