我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|本期目录/Table of Contents|

2004-2014年江西省猩红热流行特征分析(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2016年04期
页码:
577-579
栏目:
流行病与统计方法
出版日期:
2016-02-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological characteristics of scarlet fever in Jiangxi province from 2004 to 2014
作者:
潘欢弘刘晓青杨梦袁辉
江西省疾病预防控制中心,江西 南昌 330029
Author(s):
PAN Huan-hong LIU Xiao-qing YANG Meng YUAN Hui
Jiangxi Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanchang Jiangxi 330029, China
关键词:
关键词:猩红热描述性流行病学流行特征
Keywords:
Keywords: Scarlet fever Descriptive epidemiology Prevalent characteristics
分类号:
R181.2+2
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
摘要:目的 探究江西省2004-2014年猩红热发病趋势及流行特征,为制定猩红热防控策略提供科学依据。方法 采用描述性流行病学方法对2004-2014年江西省猩红热数据资料进行分析。结果 2004-2014年江西省共报告猩红热病例398例,年平均发病率为0.09/10万,病例分布11个设区市62个县区,男性发病率高于女性,病例主要集中在15岁以下,以儿童、学生为主;2004-2014年江西省猩红热发病呈现2个阶段:猩红热低发期(2004-2010年,年平均发病率为0.04/10万)和猩红热发病快速上升期(2011-2014年,年平均发病率为0.16/10万);进入猩红热发病快速上升期,病例分布由40个县区扩大为62个县区,0岁~、5岁~和10岁~年龄组儿童发病率大幅增高,散居儿童构成比增加。结论 自2011年以来,江西省猩红热发病水平快速上升,地区分布范围扩大,10岁以下儿童是猩红热的高发人群,托幼机构和儿童聚集的游乐场所是今后猩红热防控的重点场所;建议开展病原学监测和病原耐药性监测,进一步认识猩红热的流行规律。
Abstract:
Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to explore the incidence trends and epidemiological characteristics of scarlet fever in Jiangxi province from 2004 to 2014, in order to provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control strategies. Methods Descriptive epidemiological analysis was performed on epidemic data of scarlet fever from 2004 to 2014 in Jiangxi province. Results A total of 398 cases were reported from 2004 to 2014. The average annual incidence was 0.09/100000. All cases were from 11 districts and 62 counties. There were more male cases than female cases. The age of the cases was mainly under 15 years and most of them were children and students. There were two epidemic stages of scarlet fever in Jiangxi from 2004 to 2014: low incidence period of scarlet fever (2004-2010, with the average annual incidence of 0.04/100000) and fast-rising incidence period of scarlet fever (2004-2010, with the average annual incidence of 0.16/100000). During fast-rising incidence period, the distribution of cases was expanded from 40 counties to 62 counties. The average annual incidences for 0- and 5- year old group increased (increased by 427% and 373%). The constituent ratio for scattered children increased by 90%. Conclusion Since 2011, the incidence of scarlet fever was rising rapidly. The distribution area expanded. The children of 0-10 years old were the people with high risk of scarlet fever. Kindergartens and children's playground should be the focus of prevention and control for scarlet fever in the future. To further explore the epidemiological of scarlet fever, it is necessary to monitor the etiology and the drug resistance.

参考文献/References

-

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目: 国家科技重大专项基金项目(2013ZX10004-203-002)
作者简介: 潘欢弘(1982-),女,本科,主管医师,研究方向:传染病预防控制与突发公共卫生事件现场应急处置
通讯作者: 袁辉,E-mail:jxcdccfsphh@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2016-03-04