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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

新疆地区不同民族职业人群心理健康与职业倦怠相关性研究(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2017年15期
页码:
2717-2722
栏目:
环境与职业卫生
出版日期:
2017-08-07

文章信息/Info

Title:
Relationship between mental health and job burnout in different ethnic occupational population,Xinjiang
作者:
赵俊岭1付爱玲1张光辉1占琼2刘继文1
1.新疆医科大学公共卫生学院,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011;
2.新疆医科大学第一附属医院研究生科,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830011
Author(s):
ZHAO Jun-ling*FU Ai-lingZHANG Guang-huiZHAN QiongLIU Ji-wen
*College of Public Health,Xinjiang Medical University,Urumqi,Xinjiang 830011,China
关键词:
职业人群心理健康职业倦怠
Keywords:
Occupational populationMental healthJob burnout
分类号:
R13
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解新疆不同民族职业人群心理健康和职业倦怠的总体水平,探究其之间的关系。方法 采用多阶段分层整群抽样法,运用症状自评量表(SCL-90)和职业倦怠问卷进行问卷调查。结果 本次流行病学调查的问卷有效率为91.40%,SCL-90的阳性检出率为23.1%,心理健康总体水平低于全国常模(P<0.05);与少数民族相比,汉族职业人群的职业倦怠水平和SCL-90阳性检出率均较高(P<0.05)相关分析提示,职业倦怠与SCL-90各因子间呈正相关(P<0.05);多因素Logistic回归分析显示,脑力劳动、情感耗竭、人格解体和成就感降低是新疆职业人群心理健康(SCL-90总评分)的危险因素,哈萨克族与月收入≥5 000元是其保护因素(P<0.05)。结论 职业人群的心理健康与职业倦怠呈正相关,降低职业倦怠程度,可以提高职业人群的心理健康水平;职业倦怠是职业人群心理健康的危险因素,汉族职业人群是心理健康干预的重点人群。
Abstract:
Objective To Understand and explore the level and relationship between mental health and job burnout of different ethnic occupational population in Xinjiang. Methods Through multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method,the symptom self-assessment scale (SCL-90) and job burnout questionnaire were applied to survey. Results In the study,the questionnaire effective rate was 91.40% and the SCL-90 positive detection rate was 23.1%,and the overall mental health level of Xinjiang was lower than the Chinese norm (P<0.05).Compared with minorities,the Han Ethnic occupational level of job burnout and SCL-90 positive detection rate were higher (P<0.05).Correlation analysis suggested that job burnout was positively correlated with various factors of SCL-90 (P<0.05).Mental work,emotional exhaustion,depersonalization and a reduced sense of accomplishment were the risk factors of mental health (SCL-90 score) of Xinjiang occupational population.Kazak and the monthly income ≥5 000 were the protective factors (P<0.05). Conclusion Mental health and job burnout of occupational population are significantly correlated.Reducing the degree of job burnout maybe improve the mental health level of occupational groups.Occupational burnout is a risk factor for the mental health of the occupational population.Han ethnic occupational population is the key intervention object of mental health.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:新疆维吾尔自治区自然科学基金(2016D01C166)
作者简介:赵俊岭(1975-),男,博士,副教授,研究方向:现场流行病学
通讯作者:刘继文,E-mail:liujiwendr@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-08-08