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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

2012-2016年三亚市性病流行病学分析(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2018年05期
页码:
791-794
栏目:
流行病与统计方法
出版日期:
2018-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological study of sexually transmitted diseases in Sanya,2012-2016
作者:
陈伟思1许琼军2雷燕2杨日飞1赵婵娟2
1.三亚市皮肤性病与精神卫生防治中心,海南 三亚 572000;
2.海南医学院,海南 海口 571199
Author(s):
CHEN Wei-si*XU Qiong-junLEI YanYANG Ri-feiZHAO Chan-juan
*Sanya Skin disease and STD and mental health Prevention and control center,Sanya,Hainan 572000,China
关键词:
三亚市性病流行病学
Keywords:
Sanya citySexually transmitted diseasesEpidemiology
分类号:
R181.2+3
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 知晓三亚市性病发病情况和流行特点,为相应调整现有的性病防治方案提供参考依据。方法 通过疾病监测信息报告管理系统对三亚市2012-2016年各个医疗机构上报的性病病例,进行流行病学分析。结果 2012-2016年,三亚市累积报告的病例数为13 966例,报告病例数由2014年的2 426例增长到2016年的2 865例,年均增长率为4.86%。5种病种中,以生殖道沙眼衣原体感染的年均发病率(273.02/10万)最高,其次为梅毒(80.00/10万)﹑淋病(56.41/10万)﹑尖锐湿疣(53.50/10万)和生殖器疱疹(19.48/10万);5年来,女性性病发病率都高于男性,女性的病例数为7 435,占53.24%,男性的病例数为6 531,占46.76%,男女之比为0.88〖DK〗∶1;三亚市不同年龄段人群都有性病病例发现,其中以20-34岁报告的病例数最多,为9 234例,占66.12%,15-24岁学生人群病例数为4 178,占29.92%。职业以家务及待业,商业服务和农民居多,三者占66.65%。结论 三亚市性病疫情总体处于上升趋势,性病的防治工作仍然任重道远。
Abstract:
Objective To understand the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of STDs in Sanya,and to provide a reference for adjusting the existing STD prevention and treatment programs. Methods Data of STD reported by different levels of medical care units was collected from Disease Surveillance system of Sanya for epidemiological analysis. Results From 2012 to 2016,a total of 13966 STD cases were reported,which had increased from 2426 in 2014 to 2865 cases in 2016 with an annual increase rate of 4.86%.Among the 5 kinds of STD,the incidence of genital tract Chlamydia trachomatis infection was the highest(273.02/100 000),followed by syphilis(80.00/100 000),gonorrhea(56.41/100 000),pointed condyloma(53.50/100 000)and genital herpes(19.48/100 000).During the past 5 years,STD incidence among female(7 435,53.24%)was higher than that among male(6 531,46.76%),whose ratio of male and female was 0.88:1.Patients′ age varies in a wide range,but people aged 20-34 were the most affected age group(9234),accounting for 66.12%.A total of 4178 cases aged 15-24 years old accounted for 29.92% of the total.66.65% of the cases were housework,unemployed,self-employed people and farmers. Conclusion Incidence of STD in Sanya has shown a rising trend indicating that STD prevention and control requires more effective measures in the future.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介:陈伟思(1973-),男,本科,主治医师,研究方向:精神病与性病的防治
通讯作者:许琼军,E-mail:53459457@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-03-09