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|本期目录/Table of Contents|

2016年鹤壁市重点职业病监测与职业健康风险评估分析(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2018年05期
页码:
798-801
栏目:
环境与职业卫生
出版日期:
2018-03-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Key occupational disease monitoring and occupational health risk evaluation in Hebi,2016
作者:
王焕珍肖培义
鹤壁市疾病预防控制中心,河南 鹤壁 458030
Author(s):
WANG Huan-zhenXIAO Pei-yi
Hebi Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Hebi,Henan 458030,China
关键词:
重点职业病监测职业健康风险评估
Keywords:
Occupational diseaseMonitoringOccupational healthRisk evaluation
分类号:
R13
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解重点职业病分布及职业健康情况,更好的预防控制职业病,保护劳动者健康。方法 在全市5个县区设置监测机构,收集辖区内的重点职业病危害相关信息、职业健康检查情况、职业病诊断与鉴定情况、职业病病人工伤保险待遇落实情况及职业病报告情况,并进行分析评估。结果 鹤壁市共收集到存在职业病危害因素的企业426家,其中含有重点职业病危害因素的企业296家,占69.48%,其中危害严重的134家,一般的162家。存在重点职业病危害因素煤尘的企业31家,存在矽尘的98家,存在苯的54家,存在噪声的240家,未收集到存在石棉、铅及布鲁氏菌等的企业。2016年全市共对5家危害严重企业进行了检测,测定岗位数66个,超标22个,超标率33.33%,测定工作场所51个,超标18个,超标率35.29%。共进行职业健康体检6 781人,检出职业病25人,均为煤工尘肺,其中13人符合享受工伤保险待遇,待遇落实率为100%。结论 鹤壁市危害最为严重的职业病危害因素为煤尘、矽尘及噪声,煤工尘肺是需要重点防控的职业病,矽尘、噪声危害防控也不容忽视。
Abstract:
Objective To understand the key occupational-disease distribution and occupational health situation,so as to prevent occupational diseases and protect workers′ health better. Methods Relevant information on occupational hazards,occupational health checkups,diagnosis and appraisal of occupational diseases,implementation of occupational injury insurance benefits and occupational disease reports collected from monitoring agencies setting up in five districts and counties throughout the city was analyzed and evaluated. Results A total of 426 enterprises with occupational disease hazards were investigated in Hebi City,including 296 enterprises(69.48%)with key occupational hazards,among which 134 enterprises were seriously damaging,and the rest were generally damaging.One of the key occupational hazards,coal dust,was found in 31 companies.Silica dusts,benzene and noise were found in 98 enterprises,54 companies and 240 enterprises,respectively.There was no company with asbestos,lead or brucella.A total of 5 major hazardous enterprises were surveyed in the city in 2016 with 66 surveyed positions,22 of which exceeded the standards with a rate of 33.33%.18 of 51 workplaces were exceeded the limit with a rate of 35.29%.A total of 6 781 laborers accepted occupational health examinations,and 25 of them were diagnosed with the same occupational disease,coalminers pneumoconiosis.13 of these cases of pneumoconiosis tuberculosis were eligible for work-related injury insurance,and the treatment rate was 100%. Conclusion Coal dust,silica dust and noise are the most serious occupational-disease-inductive factors in Hebi.Great emphasis should be put on the prevention and control of the coal dust lung,as well as silica dust and noise.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介:王焕珍(1969-),女,副主任医师,研究方向:职业卫生
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-03-09