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我国神经内科医师职业倦怠及一般心理健康状况的区域差异研究(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2019年15期
页码:
2713-2719
栏目:
环境与职业卫生
出版日期:
2019-08-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Regional difference of job burnout,general mental health status of neurologists,China
作者:
钟小钢12刘艺昀23蒲俊材23桂思雯2王海洋12李鹏飞12田露12谢鹏1234
1.重庆医科大学公共卫生与管理学院,重庆 400016;
2.重庆医科大学神经科学研究中心,重庆 400016
3.重庆医科大学附属第一医院神经内科,重庆 400016;
4.中国医师协会神经内科医师分会,北京 100010
Author(s):
ZHONG Xiao-gang*LIU Yi-yunPU Jun-caiGUI Si-wenWANG Hai-yangLI Peng-feiTIAN LuXIE Peng
*School of Public Health and Management,Chongqing Medical University,Chongqing 400016,China〖JZ)〗
关键词:
神经内科医师职业倦怠心理健康区域差异
Keywords:
NeurologistsJob burnoutMental healthRegional difference
分类号:
R13
DOI:
-
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 调查我国沿海和内陆两大区域神经内科医师职业倦怠及心理健康现状,探究其区域差异,并提出相应措施。方法 采用职业倦怠量表、一般心理健康问卷对沿海和内陆两大区域神经内科医师进行问卷调查,并用〖XC小五号.EPS;P〗检验、秩和检验和logistic回归模型对职业倦怠、心理健康现状及影响因素进行分析。结果 沿海地区神内医师高度去人性化比例高于内陆地区,低个人成就感比例高于内陆地区,心理健康阳性率低于内陆地区(P<0.05)。相对于内陆地区,沿海地区神内医师职业倦怠的影响因素为性别、年龄、平均每周工作时间;心理健康的影响因素为年龄、平均每月夜班次数。相对于沿海地区,内陆地区神内医师职业倦怠的影响因素为职称、月收入、平均每月夜班次数、个人时间;心理健康的影响因素为性别、职称、月收入、职业压力(P<0.05)。结论 我国沿海、内陆两大区域神内医师职业倦怠和心理健康的区域差异影响因素众多,需针对不同区域制定精准化应对措施。
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the current situation of job burnout and mental health among neurologists in coastal and inland regions of China,and to explore regional differences and to propose corresponding measures.〖WTHZ〗Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted in neurologists of coastal and inland regions using Maslach Burnout Inventory and the General Health Questionnaire.The current situation and influencing factors of job burnout and mental health were analyzed by 2 test,rank-sum test and binary logistic regression.〖WTHZ〗Results The proportion of high dehumanization in coastal regions was higher than that in inland regions.The proportion of low accomplishment in coastal regions was higher than that in inland regions.The positive rate of mental health in coastal regions was lower than that in inland regions(P<0.05).The influencing factors of job burnout in coastal regions were gender,age,hours worked per week.The influencing factors of mental health were age,a number of nights on call per month.While the influencing factors of job burnout in inland regions were the technical title,monthly income,number of nights on call per month and personal time.The influencing factors of mental health were gender,technical title,monthly income and occupational stress(P<0.05).〖WTHZ〗Conclusion There are many factors affecting the regional disparities in job burnout and mental health among the neurologists in the coastal and inland regions of China.Accurate response measures must be adopted for different regions.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家重大科学研究计划(973)项目,2009CB918300;重庆市研究生科研创新项目,CYS17173
作者简介:钟小钢(1993-),男,硕士,研究方向:社区康复与心理学研究
通讯作者:谢鹏,E-mail:xiepeng@cqmu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-08-16