我们的网站为什么显示成这样?

可能因为您的浏览器不支持样式,您可以更新您的浏览器到最新版本,以获取对此功能的支持,访问下面的网站,获取关于浏览器的信息:

|本期目录/Table of Contents|

2011—2020年珠海市肺结核流行病学特征分析(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2022年14期
页码:
2535-2538
栏目:
流行病与统计方法
出版日期:
2022-07-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in Zhuhai from 2011 to 2020
作者:
张伟华杨轮苏文静陈樱萌赵文钧罗涛罗健贞
珠海市慢性病防治中心(珠海市第三人民医院),广东 珠海 519000
Author(s):
ZHANG Wei-hua YANG Lun SU Wen-jing CHEN Ying-meng ZHAO Wen-jun LUO Tao LUO Jian-zhen
Zhuhai Chronic Disease Control Center (Zhuhai Third People’s Hospital), Zhuhai, Guangdong 519000, China
关键词:
肺结核 发病率 流行特征
Keywords:
Tuberculosis Incidence Epidemic characteristics
分类号:
R521;R181.8
DOI:
10.20043/j.cnki.MPM.202203565
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 分析2011—2020年珠海市肺结核报告发病的流行特征。方法 对2011—2020年珠海市肺结核发病数据进行描述性分析,采用趋势性χ2检验进行时间变化趋势分析。结果 2011—2020年,珠海市累计报告新发肺结核病例12 457例,平均报告发病率为73.82/10万,发病率从2011年的86.27/10万降至2020年的55.00/10万(趋势χ2 = 138.074,P<0.001)。男性平均报告发病率为95.56/10万(8 488/8 882 300),女性平均报告发病率为49.65/10万(3 969/7 993 400),男女间年均报告发病率差异具有统计学意义(χ2 = 1 202.068,P<0.001);在25~34年龄段出现发病高峰,占全部发病例数的25.30%(3 151/12 457);家政、家务及待业人群发病最多,占全部发病例数的45.03%(5 609/12 457)。结论 近年来,珠海市肺结核发病呈下降趋势,今后仍需加强男性、青壮年、家务及待业人群的结核病防控。
Abstract:
Objective To analyze epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in Zhuhai from 2011 to 2020. Methods Descriptive analysis was conducted on the TB incident case data between 2011 and 2021 extracted from “China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention”, and trend analysis of temporal changes was performed using trend chi-square test. Results In total 12 457 TB cases were reported from 2011 to 2020 in Zhuhai with an average annual incidence of 73.82/100 000, with the incidence decreasing from 86.27/100 000 to 55.00/100 000 (χ2trend=138.074, P<0.001). From 2011 to 2020 in Zhuhai, the average annual incidence for male and female were 95.56/100 000 (8 488/8 882 300) and 49.65/100 000 (3 969/7 993 400), respectively, with significant statistical difference (χ2=1 202.068, P<0.001). The peak incidence occurred in the age group of 25 to 34 years, accounting for 25.30% of all cases (3 151/12 457). The incidence was the highest in the household service, domestic work, and unemployed population, accounting for 45.03% of all cases (5 609/12 457). Conclusion In recent years, the incidence of tuberculosis in Zhuhai has shown a decreasing trend, but in the future, it is still necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of tuberculosis in men, young adults, domestic and unemployed population.

参考文献/References

[ 1 ]World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report 2021[R]. Geneva: World Health Organization.
[ 2 ]王前,李涛,杜昕,等.2015—2019年全国肺结核报告发病情况分析[J].中国防痨杂志,2021,43(2):107 - 112.Wang Q, Li T, Du X, et al. The analysis of national tuberculosis reported incidence and mortality, 2015—2019[J]. Chinese Journal of Antituberculosis, 2021, 43(2): 107 - 112.
[ 3 ]广东省卫生和计划生育委员会.广东省卫生和计划生育委员会公布2017年全省法定报告传染病疫情[EB/OL].[2022 - 06 - 15]. http://wsjkw.gd.gov.cn/gkmlpt/content/2/2131/post_2131823.html.Health Commission of Guangdong Province. Health Commission of Guangdong Province announced the legally reported epidemic situation of infectious diseases in the province in 2017[EB/OL]. [2022 - 06 - 15]. http://wsjkw.gd.gov.cn/gkmlpt/content/2/2131/post_2131 823.html.
[ 4 ]胡文穗,刘伟,侯建荣,等.2010 - 2019年广州市肺结核流行特征及时空聚集性[J].中华疾病控制杂志,2020,24(9):1037 - 1041.Hu WS, Liu W, Hou JR, et al. Epidemiological characteristics and temporal - spatial clustering analysis of tuberculosis in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2019[J]. Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention, 2020, 24(9): 1037 - 1041.
[ 5 ]吴清芳,吕德良,管红云,等.2007 - 2016年深圳市肺结核病流行特征[J].热带医学杂志,2018,18(1):86 - 89.Wu QF, Lv DL, Guan HY, et al. Analysis of epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in Shenzhen from 2007 to 2016[J]. Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2018, 18(1): 86 - 89.
[ 6 ]钟明浩,闫莉,李文辉,等.2009 - 2018年东莞市肺结核病流行特征分析[J].现代预防医学,2020,47(10):1750 - 1753.Zhong MH, Yan L, Li WH, et al. Analysis on epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in Dongguan city from 2009 to 2018[J]. Modern Preventive Medicine, 2020, 47(10): 1750 - 1753.
[ 7 ]杜晓婷,相晓妹,吴瑞,等.2005 - 2014年西安市肺结核疫情分析[J].现代预防医学,2016,43(16):3033 - 3035, 3043.Du XT, Xiang XM, Wu R, et al. Analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of Tuberculosis in Xi’an City from 2005 to 2014[J]. Modern Preventive Medicine, 2016, 43(16): 3033 - 3035, 3043.
[ 8 ]吴纪明,曹蕾,陈敬义,等.湖北省鄂州市2011 - 2017年肺结核发病情况流行病学特征[J].中国热带医学,2019,19(5):454 - 458.Wu JM, Cao L, Chen JY, et al. Epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis incidence in Ezhou, Hubei, 2011 - 2017[J]. China Tropical Medicine, 2019, 19(5): 454 - 458.
[ 9 ]喻国旗,雷明智,魏怡,等.2004 - 2015年中国大陆地区肺结核流行的时空分布特征[J].现代预防医学,2017,44(20):3649 - 3654.Yu GQ, Lei MZ, Wei Y, et al. Characteristic of spatial - temporal dietribution of pulmonary tuberculosis in mainland China rom 2004 to 2015[J]. Modern Preventive Medicine, 2017, 44(20): 3649 - 3654.
[ 10 ]张根友,王纪祥,邹铮,等.2005 - 2012年安徽省结核病流行特征分析[J].中华疾病控制杂志,2014,18(6):504 - 507.Zhang GY, Wang JX, Zou Z, et al. Analysis on the epidemiological characteristics of tuberculosis in Anhui Province, 2005 - 2012[J]. Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention, 2014, 18(6): 504 - 507.
[ 11 ]沈鸿程,杜雨华,吴桂锋,等.2008 - 2018年广州市报告新发肺结核流行特征分析[J].中国防痨杂志,2020,42(4):322 - 326.Shen HC, Du YH, Wu GF, et al. Epidemiological characteristics of newly reported pulmonary tuberculosis from 2008 to 2018 in Guangzhou[J]. Chinese Journal of Antituberculosis, 2020, 42(4): 322 - 326.
[ 12 ]赖铿,江坤洪,谢玮,等.2014 - 2020年广州市流动人口肺结核流行特征分析[J].中国防痨杂志,2021,43(8):796 - 802.Lai K, Jiang KH, Xie W, et al. Analysis of epidemiologic characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in floating population in Guangzhou City from 2014 to 2020[J]. Chinese Journal of Antituberculosis, 2021, 43(8): 796 - 802.
[ 13 ]于艳玲,闫兴录,王鑫,等.2011 - 2020年黑龙江省肺结核疫情特征分析[J].疾病监测,2021,36(10):1031 - 1034.Yu YL, Yan XL, Wang X, et al. Epidemiological characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in Heilongjiang,2011 - 2020[J]. Disease Surveillance, 2021, 36(10): 1031 - 1034.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
作者简介:张伟华(1992—),男,硕士,主管医师,研究方向:结核病预防与控制
通信作者:张伟华,E-mail:1173037953@qq.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-07-28