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贵州省黔东南地区少数民族居民饮食因素与代谢相关脂肪性肝病患病的关联分析(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2022年14期
页码:
2553-2558
栏目:
营养与食品卫生
出版日期:
2022-07-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of the association between dietary factors and the prevalence of metabolic-related fatty liver disease among ethnic minority residents in Qiandongnan, Guizhou Province
作者:
徐子轩1刘磊磊1杨婷婷1张林源1钟建琴1张燕1徐德淦2洪峰1
1.贵州医科大学公共卫生与健康学院,环境污染与疾病监控教育部重点实验室,贵州 贵阳 550025;
2. 贵阳市疾病预防控制中心
Author(s):
XU Zi-xuan* LIU Lei-lei YANG Ting-ting ZHANG Lin-yuan ZHONG Jian-qin ZHANG Yan XU De-gan HONG Feng
*School of Public Health, the Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control, Ministry of Education, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550025, China
关键词:
代谢相关脂肪性肝病少数民族饮食关联分析
Keywords:
Metabolism-associated fatty liver disease Minority Diet Correlation analysis
分类号:
R575.5
DOI:
10.20043/j.cnki.MPM.202203462
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解贵州省黔东南地区少数民族居民代谢相关脂肪性肝病(metabolism - associated fatty liver disease, MAFLD)患病现状及与饮食因素间的关系。方法 通过现场调查方式对贵州省黔东南地区 30~79 岁的10 810名苗族侗族人群进行问卷调查和体格检查,二元logistic回归分析该地区MAFLD的饮食影响因素。结果 当地人群MAFLD患病率为14.93%。腊肉摄入频率达到每月均吃(OR = 1.28,95%CI:1.02~1.61)以及腌制蔬菜(OR = 1.39,95%CI:1.11~1.73)和油茶(OR = 1.35,95%CI:1.16~1.57)的摄入频率>2次/月时均可能会增加MAFLD的患病风险,而食用白酸汤(OR = 0.76,95%CI:0.64~0.90)和蕨菜(OR = 0.80,95%CI:0.65~0.99)的摄入频率>2次/月则均会降低MAFLD患病风险。结论 过量频率的腊肉、腌制蔬菜以及油茶摄入可能会增加苗族侗族人群MAFLD的患病风险,而摄入适量的蕨菜、白酸汤则可能对该病有益。
Abstract:
Objective To understand the prevalence of metabolism-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) and its relationship with dietary factors among ethnic minority residents in the Qiandongnan region of Guizhou Province. Methods On-site questionnaire survey and physical examination were conducted in 10 810 Miao and Dong people aged 30 to 79 years in Qiandongnan, Guizhou Province. Results The prevalence of MAFLD in the local population was 14.93%. The frequency of cured meat intake up to monthly consumption (OR=1.28, 95%CI: 1.02-1.61) as well as the frequency of pickled vegetables (OR=1.39, 95%CI: 1.11-1.73) and oil-tea (OR=1.35, 95%CI: 1.16-1.57) intake > twice/month were likely to increase the risk of MAFLD, while the consumption of white sour soup (OR=0.76, 95%CI: 0.64-0.90) and fiddlehead fern (OR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.65-0.99) at a frequency of > twice/month might reduce the risk of MAFLD. Conclusion Excessive frequency of cured meat, pickled vegetables, and oil-tea intake may increase the risk of MAFLD in the Miao-Dong people, whereas moderate intake of fern and white sour soup may be beneficial.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2017YFC0907301);国家自然科学基金(82173566)
作者简介:徐子轩(1996—),男,硕士在读,研究方向:疾病预防与控制
通信作者:洪峰,E-mail:fhong@gmc.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-07-28