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某医科院校学生全谷物摄入情况调查(PDF)

《现代预防医学》[ISSN:1003-8507/CN:51-1365/R]

期数:
2022年17期
页码:
3117-3122
栏目:
营养与食品卫生
出版日期:
2022-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Investigation on whole grain intakes among medical students
作者:
周婉卿周欣怡杜思雨周明
南京医科大学公共卫生学院,江苏 南京 211166
Author(s):
ZHOU Wan-qing ZHOU Xin-yi DU Si-yu ZHOU Ming
School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 211166, China
关键词:
全谷物 医学生 食物频率法 图谱
Keywords:
Whole grains Medical students Food frequency questionnaire Atlas
分类号:
R153
DOI:
10.20043/j.cnki.MPM.202112416
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
目的 了解医学生的全谷物摄入量,分析影响全谷物摄入的因素,为促进全谷物摄入提供依据。方法 通过问卷调查221名医学生,采用自制图谱和食物频率问卷计算全谷物摄入量。结果 全谷物的摄入中位数为18.1 g/d,摄入率为93.7%,男女生全谷物摄入量具有统计学差异(U=3 906,P=0.004); 全谷物摄入量在不同意愿(H=20.493,P<0.001)、不同日均步数(H=14.678,P=0.005)、不同运动频率(H=11.601,P=0.041)人群中分布不全相同。“健康”是影响选择全谷物的主要因素,玉米和燕麦是全谷物摄入主要来源,医学生主要通过食堂(63.8%)和网购(59.7%)获取全谷物食品。全谷物知识欠缺,正确率最低的判断题为“全谷物等同于我们日常生活中说的粗杂粮”,仅46.6%的人答对。结论 医学生的全谷物摄入水平不高,对全谷物认识存在误区,应注重应用网络途径对大学生进行健康指导。
Abstract:
Objective To understand the whole grain intake in diets of medical students, to analyze the factors affecting whole grain intake, and to provide basis for promoting whole grain intake. Methods 221 medical students were investigated by questionnaires. The whole grain intake was calculated by self-made atlas and food frequency questionnaires. Results The median intake of whole grains was 18.1 g/d, and the intake rate was 93.7%. There was a significant difference in whole grain intake between male and female college students(U=3906, P=0.004), the distribution of whole grain intakes was different among students with different intentions(H=20.493, P<0.001), different daily steps(H=14.678, P=0.005)and different exercise frequency(H=11.601, P=0.041). “Health” was the main factor in choosing whole grains. Corns and oats were the main sources of whole grain intake. Medical students mainly obtained whole grain food from canteens(63.8%)and online shopping(59.7%). Only 46.6 percent of the subjects answered the question “Whether whole grains are equivalent to coarse grains in our daily life.” correctly. Conclusion The whole grain intake among medical students is low. Many students have misunderstandings about whole grains. We should pay attention to the application of network approach to health guidance for college students.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:江苏高校品牌专业建设工程资助项目(PPZY2015A067); 江苏省卫生健康委科研课题(Z2018038)
作者简介:周婉卿(1997—),女,硕士在读,研究方向:饮食行为与健康
通讯作者:周明,E-mail:mzhou78@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-09-15